Explore the latest in surgical oncology, including recent advances in techniques and approaches to the surgical management of solid tumors.
This randomized clinical trial examines whether patients treated with sunitinib before cytoreductive nephrectomy have better outcomes than patients immediately treated with cytoreductive nephrectomy and then given sunitinib.
This cohort study examines cause-specific late mortality among individuals who have lived 2 years or more after allogeneic blood or marrow transplantation performed in childhood and whether rates of late mortality have changed over time.
This phase 2, multi-institutional clinical trial assesses whether patients with resected primary gastrointestinal stromal tumor receiving 5 years of adjuvant imatinib mesylate therapy have improved recurrence-free survival and overall survival compared with patients receiving a shorter duration of therapy in previous studies.
This narrative review describes the parallels and differences between prostate cancer and thyroid cancer regarding screening, diagnosis, risk stratification, and considerations for active surveillance.
This Viewpoint reviews the benefits and risks of risk-reducing mastectomy in otherwise healthy women with BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations to inform discussions about the proceeding with or foregoing the procedure, and it calls for continued research to understand how to better individualize risk and prevent disease nonsurgically.
This secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial examines the association of modern chemoradiotherapy with survival among patients with stage I to II small cell lung cancer compared with that among patients with stage III small cell lung cancer.
This population-based analysis uses data from a US nationwide insurance claims database to assess the risk of venous thromboembolism associated with keratinocyte carcinoma within 1 year following the date of diagnosis and compares rates of venous thromboembolism among patients with or without cancer.
This cohort study of female participants with stage 0 to IIA breast cancer treated with breast-conserving surgery and whole-breast irradiation assesses whether radiation-induced toxicities of normal breast tissue 3 years after radiotherapy are associated with the transforming growth factor β gene variant C−509T.
This cross-sectional cohort study uses the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database to evaluate whether an association exists between preoperative anemia and postoperative 30-day morbidity and mortality outcomes following thyroidectomy in adult patients with thyroid cancer.
This case report describes metastatic calcinosis cutis associated with selective FGFR inhibitor therapy.
This cross-sectional study of patients with a diagnosis of larynx cancer characterizes the hospital volume-outcome association specifically for laryngectomy surgery and identifies a minimum hospital volume threshold associated with improved outcomes.
This nationally representative survey study examines the motivators, barriers, and facilitators for traveling to the safest hospitals in the United States for patients needing complex cancer surgery.
This cohort study investigates whether treatment of Gleason score 9-10 prostate cancer with radical prostatectomy, adjuvant external beam radiotherapy, and androgen deprivation therapy (termed MaxRP) vs external beam radiotherapy, brachytherapy, and androgen deprivation therapy (termed MaxRT) was associated with prostate cancer–specific mortality and all-cause mortality risk.
This single-arm study evaluates the role of fluorescent lymphography using near-infrared imaging as an intraoperative tool for achieving complete lymph node dissection and compares the number of lymph nodes retrieved with the use of near-infrared imaging and the number of lymph nodes retrieved without the use of near-infrared imaging.
This population-level analysis of medical records from the Nationwide Readmissions Database evaluates risk factors, causes, and costs of hospital readmission after head and neck cancer surgery reconstruction.
This exploratory secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial evaluated local control of brain metastases among patients treated with stereotactic radiosurgery vs surgical resection in the European Organization for the Research and Treatment of Cancer 22952-26001 phase 3 trial.
This multicenter study investigates the risk factors, patterns, and outcomes of late recurrence after curative liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma.
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