The problem of the functional nervous disturbances met with in soldiers, is one which, on account of its magnitude and importance, demands serious and frank consideration. Because of the unfortunate use of such terms as "shell shock" and "war shock," erroneous conceptions have become prevalent both among lay persons and among physicians. Shock, we should remember, is a surgical condition associated with or the outcome of physical trauma, gross and organic, such as serious injuries of the head, trunk or limbs. It is an acute condition from which the patient reacts, if he is to recover at all, within a few hours, almost always within 24. It is this condition to which the term "shock" was first applied by English surgeons and to which the term should be limited. The application of the term to the functional nervous disorders observed in soldiers is greatly to be deprecated.
DERCUM FX. SO-CALLED "SHELL SHOCK": THE REMEDY. Arch NeurPsych. 1919;1(1):65–76. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1919.02180010078005
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