The knowledge pertaining to spina bifida and allied conditions has been thoroughly presented by various authors of textbooks, notably Keen,1 Pfaundler and Schlossmann,2 Frazier,3 Warbasse4 and Abt.5 In this community, valuable contributions to the subject have been made by Harmer,6 and Woltman7 has reviewed a series of 187 cases of spina bifida seen at the Mayo Clinic. Reference to the literature mentioned above will impress the reader with the seriousness of this malformation and the futility, in many instances, of attempting to effect a cure. The problem is a complicated one from many points of view. It is of interest to consider former methods of treatment. In this connection, it is worth while to read what Hilton8 wrote, about the year 1860, concerning spina bifida and hydrocephalus. After a simple description of spina bifida, he pointed out the dangers associated with operations
CUTLER GD. END RESULTS IN SIXTY-TWO CASES OF SPINA BIFIDA AND CEPHALOCELE. Arch NeurPsych. 1924;12(2):149–166. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1924.02200020020003
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