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November 1926

Hysteria.

Arch NeurPsych. 1926;16(5):677-680. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1926.02200290140012

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Abstract

In this small work the modern theory of hysteria as a form of reaction rather than a mere clinical syndrome is discussed in terms of psychology, neurophysiology and biology. The fundamental ideas of Kraepelin and Freud are consulted and correlated with the author's own wide and interesting observations. His conception of the hysterical as opposed to other psychogenic reaction types is based on three main trends: the reaction is a preformed mechanism, a reliving of old pathways; it serves a purpose; and it makes use of reflex, instinctive, impulsive activities. The entire work is an effort to blend harmoniously these three trends.

Two main groups of hysterical manifestations are described, the first of which is the primitive, instinctive, "violent-motor-reaction." We see this throughout the animal scale. The swimming infusorium thrashes about in the face of danger or discomfort until freed when it quietly swims away. Adult man, under certain conditions

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