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The classic investigations of Gaskell and Langley made it clear that the normal activities of the extrinsic nerves of the visceral effectors are wholly dependent on their central connections. The late recognition of this fact naturally retarded the development of knowledge of the central control of visceral functions, but at present many facts are available which show that the autonomic nerves possess fairly definite central representations. In recent years this subject has attracted some attention in clinical circles. Deficiency in meeting Claude Bernard's demand that to make a good medical observation it is necessary not only to have an observing mind, but also to be a physiologist, has led to the writing of much nonsense about the clinical aspects of autonomic functions. Therefore, it is particularly fortunate that Spiegel has written a comprehensive monograph which deals critically with the morphology and physiology of the central control of the autonomic system
Die Zentren des Autonomen Nervensystems.. Arch NeurPsych. 1929;22(2):423–424. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1929.02220020239017