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November 1929

Körperbau und Geisteskrankheit. Eine anthropologisch-klinische Untersuchung zur Beleuchtung des psychiatrischen Konstitutionsproblems.

Author Affiliations

By Max Schmidt. Pp. 206. Berlin: Julius Springer, 1929.

Arch NeurPsych. 1929;22(5):1100-1101. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1929.02220050240018

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The substance of this book is a detailed report of an investigation which the author undertook as the solution of a research problem suggested by the University of Copenhagen, for which he won a gold medal. The problem was: "a comparison, based on anthropologic investigation, of the body types of patients with manic-depressive and schizophrenic psychoses." The author examined anthropologically 433 patients, 215 men and 218 women; 167 had manic-depressive psychoses (80 men and 87 women); 200 had schizophrenia (100 men and 100 women); 65 showed "less typical or wholly atypical psychoses."

The patients were examined by both somatoscopic and somatometric methods, with a careful statistical evaluation of the observations. The results led, on the whole, to a definite confirmation of Kretschmer's views. Of the 200 schizophrenic patients, 78.5 belonged to the leptosome, muscular and dysplastic groups, while only 12.5 per cent were in the pyknic group. On the