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August 1930


Arch NeurPsych. 1930;24(2):335-347. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1930.02220140111007

HISTORICAL REVIEW  The consideration of psychoses in proper perspective can be made only if one bears in mind that less than a century and a half ago it was thought legitimate in some quarters to debate the question whether or not severe mental illnesses belonged to the domain of medicine. True, the medical profession always strove with greater or lesser success to find in medicine a proper place for psychopathology, but one must not lose sight of the fact that only 130 years ago the philosopher Immanuel Kant, in response to the physician Hufeland's psychiatric contentions, insisted that the consideration and treatment of mental diseases belonged rightly to the philosopher and not to the medical man. Nor was psychology considered a sufficiently respectable discipline until about 110 years ago, when August Comte reserved for it a special place in his classification of sciences. Mental diseases, particularly those psychoses which are