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November 1931

PLANTAR REFLEXES IN NORMAL ADULTS

Author Affiliations

NEWARK, N. J.

Arch NeurPsych. 1931;26(5):1027-1037. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1931.02230110125006
Abstract

Although the Babinski phenomenon has been the subject of much study, the normal plantar reflex has received little attention. Textbooks describe no uniform method of eliciting this response, nor do they agree on a description of the reflex. Purves-Stewart,1 McKendree2 and Monrad-Krohn3 considered flexion of the big toe only as the normal reaction, while Wechsler,4 Church and Petersen5 and Jelliffe and White6 described the reflex as flexion of all the toes. Oppenheim7 spoke of dorsal flexion of the foot as well as of the toes. Textbooks also disagree as to the way in which this reflex should be elicited. Wechsler4 called attention to the possibility of bringing out a doubtful response by rotating the head away from the side stimulated; McKendree2 suggested flexing the knee, while Purves-Stewart1 expressed the belief that the hip, too, should be partially flexed. Only Oppenheim

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