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August 1932


Author Affiliations

Professor of Neurology, University of Pennsylvania PHILADELPHIA

Arch NeurPsych. 1932;28(2):251-271. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1932.02240020003001

The associated movements of the eyeballs have interested me1 for many years, especially since my presidential address before the American Neurological Association in 1905. It is my purpose now to discuss the corticonuclear tracts for associated ocular movements, but one is dismayed in beginning this undertaking by the paucity of accurate knowledge. No one doubts that these movements are represented in the cerebral cortex, and information regarding this representation for lateral movements is fairly satisfactory. Gordon Holmes2 stated that the movements of the head and eyes by electrical excitation were originally described by Ferrier, but the zone from which they can be evoked is relatively a very small part of the frontal cortex.

Foerster3 has confirmed the existence of a center for lateral ocular movements also in the posterior part of the superior temporal convolution, and its borders are not well defined. Stimulation here produces adversive movements

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