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November 1932


Author Affiliations


From the Henry Phipps Psychiatric Clinic, Johns Hopkins Hospital.

Arch NeurPsych. 1932;28(5):1153-1168. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1932.02240050189013

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In contrast to older psychiatry, the present day tendency is toward a study of the individual, his pathologic reaction and the situations that cause it (this is not true of German psychiatry, in which the tendency to nosologic systematization still prevails). Even so, there is still too marked a tendency to look for disease entities and to neglect the various phases. Due attention and interest directed to the phases in the setting of the whole illness will allow one to study the patient more carefully and to deal with him more intelligently.

One of the developments of considerable importance is that of panics. Although the term panic is frequently used in daily life as well as in psychology and psychopathology, its definition is somewhat vague. In the study of fear and panic reactions I arrived at the conclusion that panic is not merely a high degree of fear, but a fear

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