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December 1932

Psychoanalyse und seelische Wirklichkeit.

Arch NeurPsych. 1932;28(6):1461. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1932.02240060220023

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Maag is a physician. He dedicates to the State Department of Education of Zurich an evaluation of Freud's psychology by one who prefers to work with what he experiences of himself and the human beings about him. He balks at a conception that denies man's subjectivity and self with the claim that man does not live as he thinks himself to live, but that man "is lived" by unknown and ungovernable forces (Freud, The Ego and the Id, p. 27). With all his otherwise freudian ideology and methodology, Maag militates against the unconscious that tries to pose as the essence of man. He wants to show how the very study of the neuroses proves the dominance of consciousness. Instead of the extreme naturalism of Freud, Maag insists on making conscious life responsible for the conflicts of conscience which he, nevertheless, with Freud makes finally also responsible for the neurosis. He