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This book is a reprint of a lecture given before an association of physicians and clergymen. The author presents the view that from the biologic point of view alone the neurotic patient cannot be understood. The psychic conflict of the neurotic person is in every instance based on a conflict of conscience. Conscience is an irreducible, unanalyzable phenomenon. In the course of psychoanalysis, the patient has to give up his inner resistances; he has to conquer his own self. The author sees a close analogy between psychotherapy and the religious appeasement of conscience. In the "theological postscript," by Carl Schweitzer, the author's point of view is criticized. It is pointed out that from the theological point of view ethics and religion cannot be separated. The "conscience troubles" of the neurotic person and of the normal person are identical; they can be resolved only by "faith in the spontaneous interference of
Die Funktion des Gewissens in den neurotischen Krankheiten. Arch NeurPsych. 1932;28(6):1463. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1932.02240060222029
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