The grouping of a number of cases into a disease entity under a name which is based on some single feature may lead to misunderstandings. No matter how unbiased the originator of such descriptions may be, there is always a tendency to force into the group subsequent cases that happen to present this particular feature, with an attempt to fit all other features into a common picture. One finds this state of affairs strikingly demonstrated in the case of the syndrome described as "status marmoratus" by C. and O. Vogt.1 Although a case showing all the characteristics of this group was reported by Anton2 in 1896, it was really not until fifteen years later that the Vogts1 described a number of cases, and in conjunction with Oppenheim established the clinical syndrome.
The most characteristic feature of this disease, and the one responsible for its designation, was that
LÖWENBURG K, MALAMUD W. STATUS MARMORATUSETIOLOGY AND MANNER OF DEVELOPMENT. Arch NeurPsych. 1933;29(1):104–124. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1933.02240070110006
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