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July 1933

Psychopathology of Forced Movements and the Oculogyric Crises of Lethargic Encephalitis.

Arch NeurPsych. 1933;30(1):237-239. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1933.02240130245019
Abstract

Dr. Jellif(f)e's monograph on the "Psychopathology of Forced Movements in Oculogyric Crises" presents an attempt to understand these movements "in the light of psychopathologic reactions to traumas of the brain" (p. 193). Jellif(f)e shows with good authority that one cannot hope to discover the explanation of these "forced movements" unless they are studied from a dynamic, purposive aspect. "Is it not of paramount importance to study motivation, as well as movements?" (p. 198), he asks, and reminds us of Maudsley's statement that an "organ is a bit of structuralized experience." In other words, if one wishes to understand these phenomena one must enquire into their meaning, realizing that though the organism has been injured, it still functions as a unit. To give a simple analogy, one might compare such phenomena as are seen in a postencephalitic patient with the flight of a wounded bird. The bullet wound might explain the

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