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September 1935

Behavior Mechanisms in Monkeys. Behavior Research Fund Monograph.

Author Affiliations

By Heinrich Kluever. Price, $4. Pp. 387, with 52 illustrations. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1933.

Arch NeurPsych. 1935;34(3):697-698. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1935.02250210218020

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In this valuable book Kluever presents experimental work and opinions concerning his investigation of the behavior of monkeys. He attempts to separate theoretical discussion from the description of experiments by his division into chapters. Three chapters contain theoretical matters. In these Kluever discusses the significance of his experimental results and the methods he has devised and points to lines of further research. He analyzes his own opinions concerning a wide range of psychologic questions, such as figure and ground, the field, abstraction, generalization and intelligence. Two short chapters present the history of the animals used and the chronological order of the experiments. The bulk of the book is made up of two chapters in which are described in painstaking detail his experiments with monkeys.

In most of the experiments, Kluever used what he calls the "method of equivalent stimuli." A monkey is trained to choose, for example, the heavier of