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Schauer claims to be expounding "a diagnostic and therapeutic fundamental principle" that is at the basis of mental ailments and must be the basis of their cure. He states that he refers to a group which in the psychotherapeutic literature up to now has been designated as nervous, neurotic, psychoneurotic, criminal or made up of persons with character difficulties. They all suffer, he believes, from "active pessimism"; that is to say, they think only of their symptoms and difficulties. The real trouble is that they lack a natural "positive" point of view. Schauer admits that this is a simple theory. "Mental 'diseases' are deficiency diseases." The patient fights against the "negative" instead of being interested in the "positive." This "correct diagnosis" alone permits the psychotherapist to effect a cure. Unfortunately, the author does not tell how it is done.
Die Mangel-Diagnose als Voraussetzung für die Ermöglichung seelischer Gesundung. Arch NeurPsych. 1936;35(2):438. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1936.02260020232023
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