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May 1936

Protection of Motherhood and Childhood in the Soviet Union.

Arch NeurPsych. 1936;35(5):1172-1173. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1936.02260050246015

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The position of women in prerevolutionary Russia was a depressed and servile one, but now women have been emancipated and have complete legal equality with men. Marriage is simple, but the couple must be informed about each other's health and about any previous marriage or children. Divorce is granted at the request of either the husband or the wife. Soviet law imposes an obligation on parents for the support and care of children, whether born in or out of wedlock.

The large scale employment of women in industry has been accompanied by the making of special provisions for the protection of mothers and infants. Women are released from all work with full pay for from six to eight weeks before and for a similar period after confinement, depending on whether the employment demands physical or mental work. The nursing mother is entitled to a half-hour in every four hours to

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