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May 1939

Zur Psychologie der Zwangsvorgänge.

Arch NeurPsych. 1939;41(5):1086. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1939.02270170224019

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It seems to be Binder's object to bring order into the chaos of the "anankastic" phenomena. After reading the monograph one is left with the impression of having gained many valuable details, definitions and terminologic distinctions, but the chaos that was to be ordered remains hardly less chaotic. An attempt is made to define compulsory behavior as the resultant of two components: the offending and the defending mechanism (Störungspsychismus and Abwehrpsychismus). However, the examples which the author cites in illustration of his dichotomic distinction are not convincing. The offending and the defending mechanism overlap and disturb the neatness of dialectic classification. Like Janet, Binder distinguishes between "psychoneurotic" and "psychopathic" compulsions. A further division is attempted in which the compulsion of the psychopathic personality is differentiated from that of the schizophrenic patient, and the latter from that occurring in the "organic syndrome." The statement that in the patient with compulsions the