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February 1942

The Traumatic Neuroses of War.

Arch NeurPsych. 1942;47(2):352. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1942.02290020168019

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This is an important publication for the present critical time and is of even greater importance now that the United States is actively participating in the war. Dr. Kardiner bases his concepts on the prolonged study of a large group of cases of neuroses that followed World War I.

He found that the concept of instinctual drives and defenses against them, which have been erected in order to maintain a satisfactory existence in childhood with parents and in adulthood with the superego, has contributed much to the understanding and therapy of the transference neuroses but is not of much value in the understanding and treatment of the war neuroses.

Instead, he found it more valuable to consider the war neuroses as the result of a disorder of the utility functioning of the ego. In this he relates them closely to the concept he evolved several years ago regarding epilepsy. The

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