Spasmodic torticollis is a symptom complex generally considered to belong in the group of disorders of the basal ganglia, although its more exact focal pathology and pathologic physiology are obscure. It frequently occurs as an isolated involvement of the sternocleidomastoid muscle, but other muscle groups may manifest a similar disability, for example, the spinal groups of muscles and the muscle groups of the foot. Spasmodic torticollis, once well established, occurs at frequent intervals or may be practically constant, and finally contracture of the muscle may result so that the head is permanently fixed in an abnormal position. Pain and discomfort frequently accompany the spasms of the muscle groups.
The therapy of spasmodic torticollis has been on the whole unsatisfactory. Scopolamine and other sedative drugs have been used, without definite effect. Benefit in some cases has been reported from section of the spinal accessory and the upper cervical nerves. Any medication
MYERSON A, LOMAN J. AMPHETAMINE SULFATE IN TREATMENT OF SPASMODIC TORTICOLLIS: REPORT OF TWO CASES. Arch NeurPsych. 1942;48(5):823–828. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/archneurpsyc.1942.02290110143009
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