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December 1942

The Diseases of the Basal Ganglia. Research Publications, Association for Research in Nervous and Mental Disease.

Arch NeurPsych. 1942;48(6):1031-1032. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1942.02290120185015

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After an historical introduction to the basal ganglia and their diseases by F. H. Lewy, a considerate, concise description of the nuclei and pathways of the basal ganglia and their connections is given by J. W. Papez. Comprehension of the complex anatomy is facilitated by carefully chosen illustrations and diagrams. The author does not attempt to cover the gaps of knowledge or to deduct functions from anatomic facts. S. W. Ranson Sr. and Jr. produced experimental lesions in the striatum and pallidum and followed the secondary degeneration of neurons with the help of the Marchi method. They show clearly the presence of a nigropallidal tract. They further note that the well known pallidosubthalamic bundle springs from the outer third of the globus pallidus and the fasciculus and ansa lenticularis from the inner third. A large number of fibers reach the thalamus over the bundles H, H1 and H2

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