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May 1944

What Is Hypnosis? Studies in Conditioning.

Arch NeurPsych. 1944;51(5):500. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1944.02290290087019

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This book seems to offer little new on hypnosis. In his series of experiments the author suggests certain paralyses, anesthesias and emotional states to persons under hypnosis. He states that he can train a few selected persons to hypnotize themselves by repeating certain suggestions, which he has made, in an automatic fashion. He constantly repeats that hypnosis consists only of conditioned reflexes and that "rapport" is of no importance. This statement is not supported by adequate data. There is only a poor attempt to understand the hypnotic state itself. He confuses hypnosis with the method of induction. Throughout the book one senses the lack of any frame of reference for the understanding of human personality. The volume adds nothing that is new to the technic of hypnosis or suggestion. The conclusions are unscientific, sketchy and unconvincing.

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