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January 1946

Experimental Basis for Neurotic Behavior: Origin and Development of Artificially Produced Disturbances of Behavior in Dogs. Psychosomatic Medicine Monographs. Vol. III.

Arch NeurPsych. 1946;55(1):77. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1946.02300120087009

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This monograph represents studies on the nervous disturbances of dogs conducted over a twelve year period at the Pavlovian Institute of the Phipps Psychiatric Clinic. The book is sponsored by the American Society for Research in Psychosomatic Problems, Inc.

After a short outline of the Pavlovian concepts and of the methods used in this laboratory, the author proceeds to describe in detail the histories of 3 dogs observed for three, five and twelve years, respectively, and subjected to the same experimental routine. All the dogs showed disturbances in behavior when under stress, but these disturbances were only temporary in 2 of the animals. The third dog did not recover but showed a spread of the disturbance to include other physiologic functions previously not affected and not directly connected with the experimental setting.

The author stresses the existence of "personality" types in dogs which react to stress in a manner dictated