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October 1946

Shock Treatments and Other Somatic Procedures in Psychiatry.

Arch NeurPsych. 1946;56(4):487. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1946.02300210131014

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Kalinowski and Hoch have prepared a concise formulation of the results of clinical experience with and experimental work on the shock treatments and other somatic procedures used in therapy. Insulin shock treatment and the convulsive therapies are discussed in detail with regard to organization of treatment; technic; indications and contraindications; complications; medical, psychiatric, psychologic, neurologic, electroencephalographic and neuropathologic observations; prognosis, and results. There follow short chapters on other pharmacologic and physical therapies and on prefrontal lobotomy. A review of theoretic considerations concludes the text.

From a thorough knowledge of the extensive literature and a wide experience in the field, the authors have prepared this authoritative, well organized, lucid discussion of the subject. Controversial matters are objectively presented, and the authors' position is briefly stated. For details the reader is referred to the extensive bibliography. The authors take the position that the shock therapies properly applied in time are effective in

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