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November 1948

The Criminal and His Victim.

Arch NeurPsych. 1948;60(5):546-547. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1948.02310050123012

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The author, formerly professor of criminal law and criminology at the University of Bonn; teacher at the State University of California, Oregon, Iowa and Colorado; director of the Colorado Crime Survey, and at present professor of sociology at the University of Kansas City, attempts in this book to cover a wide number of subjects in the field of criminology. At the outset, he makes the following postulation, "It is futile to argue causative predominance of constitution over environment or vice versa. Since crime is mostly the result of group conflicts, the social etiology must prevail." While the integration of sociology and psychiatry in the understanding of the problem of crime is well acknowledged, the contention that sociologic factors dominate does not coincide with psychiatric experience. This conclusion is contrary to the clinical findings of psychiatrists in the field of criminal psychopathology, in which the case study of the individual patient,