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January 1950

EFFECT OF PATHOLOGIC ANXIETY ON INDUCTIVE REASONING

Author Affiliations

NEW YORK

From the New York Hospital and the Department of Psychiatry, Cornell University Medical College.

Arch NeurPsych. 1950;63(1):87-101. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1950.02310190093007
Abstract

MARKED disorders of reasoning may be observed in patients who are emotionally very disturbed. Thinking disorders and confusional states are well recognized but have been studied only slightly in cases of manic excitements and depressions. Little mention is made in the literature of marked disorders of reasoning which may occur transiently in anxiety neuroses and in psychoneurotic and psychopathic reactions under the influence of intense emotion. Patients of high intelligence are unable to reason well during these episodes, which may be brief or prolonged.

The present study attempts to clarify the type of thinking disorder which occurs, the psychopathologic setting and the role of specific emotional factors. In the experiments to be described, patients in whom there seemed to be a disturbance of reasoning were studied. Some of these patients were retested after the disorder of reasoning had disappeared. These disorders of reasoning occurred in different psychopathologic settings and in

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