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February 1950

Duodenal Ulcer: A Sociopsychological Study of Naval Enlisted Personnel and Civilians.

Arch NeurPsych. 1950;63(2):354-355. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1950.02310200162018

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Ruesch, and essentially the same group of colleagues who presented a monograph entitled "Chronic Disease and Psychological Invalidism," have now produced a somewhat less detailed study of duodenal ulcer, with emphasis on sociologic and psychologic factors. The study lays special emphasis on situational difficulties and their relation to the character structure of the individual patient, with the hope that a knowledge of psychodynamic forces within these patients would aid in their rehabilitation.

In all, 20 volunteer civilians and 42 volunteer naval enlisted personnel who had a duodenal ulcer demonstrated roentgenologically were studied. This study covered periods of from three or four days to one week in the wards of the Langley Porter Clinic, and eight to ten hours were spent in focused interviews and physical and roentgenographic examination. Areas for investigation included onset of symptoms, war experiences, attitudes toward authority, attitudes toward medical personnel, detailed childhood history and relationship to

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