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February 1951

Childhood and Society.

AMA Arch NeurPsych. 1951;65(2):264. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1951.02320020136016

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In this important book, the author combines the insight of a psychoanalyst with the methods of an anthropologist. In this new approach, he succeeds to new depths of understanding in the relation between childhood and society. He deals with the social and psychological significance of childhood-the relations between child training and later cultural accomplishment, between early childhood fears and later social anxieties of the grown-up. The main chapters begin with descriptions of "specimen situations," data on which were gathered in the treatment of small children, in the rehabilitation of veterans of the war and in field work with American Indians. These observations are then applied in a fascinating analysis of modern ideologies affecting the youth of three industrial countries, with a special deep-going analysis of the ideology of the Hitler youth. The author gives new insight into the relation between the infantile and the mature, the modern and the archaic,