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July 1951

IS THERE A SPECIFIC PERSONALITY IN TUBERCULOUS PATIENTS?

Author Affiliations

WHITE PLAINS, N. Y.

From Montefiore Hospital Country Sanatorium, Bedford Hills, N. Y.

AMA Arch NeurPsych. 1951;66(1):30-37. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1951.02320070050003
Abstract

THE IMPORTANCE of the neuropsychiatric problems of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis has long been recognized.1 This paper is based on three-years' experience with psychiatric problems at the Montefiore Hospital Country Sanatorium, Bedford Hills, N. Y., a 230-bed institution for patients with uncomplicated pulmonary tuberculosis. In addition to diagnosis and therapy, attention was focused on the question of whether there is a specific type of personality among persons who have pulmonary tuberculosis. This paper deals with the results of that investigation.

REVIEW OF LITERATURE  Munro,2 Jelliffe and Evans,3 Dunbar,4 and others have stated that there is a characteristic personality pattern among persons with tuberculosis. This consists of selfishness, egotism, irritability, hypersensitivity, disregard for others, dependent cravings, passivity, and regressive tendencies. Mühl5 listed 23 characteristics; Eyre,6 10, and de Freitas,7 4. On the other hand, Schultz,8 Brown,9 Forster and Shepard,10 Daniels and

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