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July 1952

Psychoanalysis and Politics: A Contribution to Psychology and Morals.

AMA Arch NeurPsych. 1952;68(1):164. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1952.02320190170018

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This short compendium is divided into two parts: (a) a theoretical basis for a psychological approach to politics, and (b) some aspects of the psychology of politics. It deals, however, very very much more with psychoanalysis than with politics. The author claims that at present the only practical contribution that (analytical) psychology can make toward the lessening of political tensions is an explanatory one, at least so far as the origin of such tensions is an unconscious one. Following Freud's and Melanie Klein's contributions to character analysis, the author reaches the conclusion that a normal person is essentially rational, wise (by virtue of achieving insight into his unconscious drives), and humanistic. Defenses against unconscious anxieties (persecutory or depressive) result in abnormal character types: the authoritarian, whose strict superego is mastered by his ego; the hypomanic, who is devoid of conscious guilt, and the hypoparanoid, whose sense of guilt is continually