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April 1954

POLIOMYELITIS: X. The Cerebellum

Author Affiliations


From the Division of Neurology, University of Minnesota Medical School.

AMA Arch NeurPsych. 1954;71(4):455-465. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1954.02320400051004

THROUGHOUT the literature there are numerous references to the involvement of the cerebellum in poliomyelitis; still clinical evidence of disturbances of this region of the nervous system is generally lacking. This may be due to the fact that it is somewhat difficult and unsatisfactory to examine cerebellar function in patients severely paralyzed with spinal poliomyelitis or critically ill with bulbar or respiratory poliomyelitis. Certainly, in most studies evidence of residual cerebellar disturbances in patients that have recovered from this illness is generally lacking. Because of the volume of our material it was felt that a detailed study of the cerebellum might be of value in indicating the actual nature and extent of the cerebellar lesions in this disease.

As early as 1898 Médin1 reported cases of poliomyelitis in which the chief finding was incoordination. He referred to these cases as the ataxic, or cerebellar, form of the disease. He