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May 1954

Visceral Innervation and Its Relation to Personality.

AMA Arch NeurPsych. 1954;71(5):671-672. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1954.02320410133017

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Chapters 1, 2, 3, and 5 contain a lucid and well-written account of the anatomy of the autonomic nervous system. Chapter 4, entitled General Physiology, opens with a brief and inadequate account of the chemical mediation of nerve impulses (for example, no mention is made of the existence of adrenoxidases or cholinesterases) and continues with a subsection on endocrine influences in visceral functions, which is equally inadequate. Homeostasis is sketchily disposed of, and the roles of the visceral integrating centers in temperature regulation, metabolism, and sleep are briefly summarized.

A surprising transition in content is made between the analysis of the pupillary reflex, which closes Chapter 5, and the definition of personality, which opens Chapter 6. This section deals with the latter half of the title, namely, the relation of the autonomic nervous system to personality. Having demonstrated the anatomical interconnections of visceral innervation with the somatic, sensory, and cortical