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April 1955

Validity of Rorschach Jest as Measure of Psychological Effects of Brain Damage

Author Affiliations


From the Department of Surgery, Section of Neurological Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine.

AMA Arch NeurPsych. 1955;73(4):445-451. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1955.02330100077012

For more than 15 years the Rorschach test has been cited as an advantageous technique for measurement of the psychological effects of brain damage.1 In a recent review of investigations concerning this problem, Klebanoff and associates1 said:

It is unfortunate that most studies of personality changes in organic brain disease have utilized the Rorschach test and reliance upon test signs which have not been adequately cross validated.

Neither the reliability nor the validity of the indications of brain damage from the Rorschach test has been adequately studied. The purpose of the present study was (a) to investigate the validity of certain Rorschach indicators of brain damage and (b) to explore further the intellectual and affective changes characteristic of brain damage.


Population.  —Fifty patients with proved brain damage or dysfunction composed one group. A second group consisted of 50 persons who had received neurological examinations before

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