REVIEW OF LITERATURE
The problem of clinically significant skeletal complications resulting from convulsive therapy continues to warrant careful study. This has been amply substantiated within the past three years by the development of new muscle-relaxant drugs1 and the necessity for standards relating to medicolegal aspects.* It is our purpose in this section of our paper to review the literature relating to the incidence of such complications, with special reference to vertebral fractures. The emphasis on vertebral fractures is dictated by the wealth of material, the wide range in reported incidence, and the apparent lack of agreement in discussions relating to mechanisms of production and methods of prevention. In contrast, there are relatively few studies dealing with the incidence of other skeletal complications. Perhaps the problem here is clear cut. Dislocations and fractures (other than vertebral) are generally diagnosed with less difficulty and usually necessitate immediate treatment, and the clinical
NEWBURY CL, ETTER LE. Clarification of the Problem of Vertebral Fractures from Convulsive Therapy: I. Incidence. AMA Arch NeurPsych. 1955;74(5):472–478. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/archneurpsyc.1955.02330170006002
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