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August 1957

A Follow-Up Study of War Neuroses.

AMA Arch NeurPsych. 1957;78(2):164. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1957.02330380054007

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This publication summarizes a large-scale systematic study of neuroses in World War II, offering voluminous evidence for the authors' conclusions and recommendations.

The data indicate that, although predisposition as well as military stress contribute to psychiatric breakdown, it is not possible to identify at preinduction examination those men who will later become psychiatric casualties. Had all psychiatrically predisposed men been rejected at the induction station, the Army would have lost the service of 1,000,000 men who served without psychiatric hospitalization.

As seen five years after discharge, the net effect of psychiatric breakdown in military service is not as great as might have been expected. Little change was found in men who were normal before induction. In those who were not, combat resulted in greater disability than did other forms of military stress.

Manpower reserves are discussed in relation to military necessities. On the basis of their analyses of all available

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