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February 1958

Criteria Distinguishing Parents of Schizophrenic and Normal Children: An Initial Study with the Interpersonal Diagnostic System

Author Affiliations

Queens Village, N. Y.

AMA Arch NeurPsych. 1958;79(2):217-224. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1958.02340020097019

Introduction  The study reported here is one of several attempting to differentiate between families having a mentally ill member and those that do not.In this study my colleagues and I have evaluated some perceptions, attitudes, and values of experimental and control subjects without reference to genetic and circumstantial contributes. The largely experimental data derived by the Interpersonal Diagnostic System of Leary,1 describing personalities of parents of schizophrenic children, were compared with data describing parents of adequately functioning children of approximately the same age and religious and socioeconomic background.


1. Patient-Parent Group.—  This consisted of five marital couples, having at least one schizophrenic child, the children ranging in age from 5 to 9 years. Careful physical, neurological, and laboratory examinations did not reveal evidences of specific organic disease. Psychological testing of these parents provided diagnoses ranging from mild personality trait disturbances to neurosis or latent schizophrenia. The parents

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