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June 1958

Oculomotor and Postural Patterns in Schizophrenic Children

AMA Arch NeurPsych. 1958;79(6):720-726. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1958.02340060118017

The persistence of primitive postural and righting reflexes in schizophrenic children has been stressed by Lauretta Bender and her associates.1-3 They claim that such reflexes, particularly the tonic neck reflex, are retained in these children far beyond the normal age and are a manifestation of a disturbance in the maturational processes. The studies by Silver4 and Teicher5 of the postural and righting responses of schizophrenic children support these concepts. These children had no signs of neurologic disease as measured by standard techniques. They did show motor disturbances when examined in special ways, e. g., whirling when the head was passively rotated, a phenomenon also found in children with organic brain disease.6

Although Bender1-3 stresses the role of tonic neck reflexes in the motility patterns of schizophrenic children, and Schilder7 emphasized the importance of vestibular function in psychosis, there has been no survey of the

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