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January 26, 2000

Effectiveness of a Journal Intervention to Improve Abstract Quality

Author Affiliations

Phil B.FontanarosaMD, Deputy EditorIndividualAuthorMargaret A.WinkerMD, Deputy EditorIndividualAuthorStephen J.LurieMD, PhD, Fishbein FellowIndividualAuthor

JAMA. 2000;283(4):481. doi:10.1001/jama.283.4.475

To the Editor: In a study of 6 large general medical journals, including JAMA, we found 18% to 68% of abstracts had either inconsistencies in data between the abstract and the body of the article or data given in the abstract that could not be found in the body of the article at all.1 In response, JAMA introduced a quality improvement initiative, effective January 1, 1998, to improve the quality of its abstracts.2 We assessed the effectiveness of the initiative using a masked analysis of samples from before and after the intervention.

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