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April 12, 2000

Adenoidectomy and Adenotonsillectomy for Recurrent Otitis Media

Author Affiliations

Phil B.FontanarosaMD, Deputy EditorIndividualAuthorStephen J.LurieMD, PhD, Fishbein FellowIndividualAuthor

JAMA. 2000;283(14):1822-1824. doi:10.1001/jama.283.14.1821

To the Editor: Dr Paradise and colleagues1 report negative results from a federally funded clinical trial of adenoidectomy and tonsillectomy in children with recurrent AOM. In December 1991, this trial was terminated after 11 years. In April 1992, a final report was submitted to the National Institutes of Health. Using the Freedom of Information Act, I obtained that final report and published those negative results.2 Even for the first follow-up year, during which the largest effect was observed, rate differences in primary outcome (annual number of AOM episodes) among the 3 treatment groups were insignificant (control, 2.1; adenoidectomy, 1.8; adenotonsillectomy, 1.5).