Neuro-ophthalmology addresses the relationship between the eye and the brain associated with visual symptoms. Common neuro-ophthalmic conditions include optic neuritis, ischemic optic neuropathy, visual field defects from brain tumors and strokes, pupillary abnormalities, and ocular motor disorders causing double vision. To enter the subspecialty, one usually begins by completing a residency in either ophthalmology or neurology, followed by fellowship training specific to this particular area.
Jay WM. Neuro-Ophthalmology: Diagnosis and Management. JAMA. 2011;306(4):439–440. doi:10.1001/jama.2011.1049
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