Author Affiliations: Departments of Medicine, Psychiatry, and Industrial & Systems Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison; and William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital, Madison (firstname.lastname@example.org).
In 1972, the Education Amendments of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 were passed.1 Title IX of these amendments, among other things, prevented institutions of higher education from discriminating against women in admissions. Prior to Title IX, only about 10% of US medical students were women. Title IX had a personal impact on my life because I entered medical school in 1974. I recently asked separately several women students if they knew what Title IX was. None did.
Carnes M. What Would Patsy Mink Think? JAMA. 2012;307(6):571–572. doi:10.1001/jama.2012.79
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