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Special Communication
April 11, 2012

Eliminating Waste in US Health Care

Author Affiliations

Author Affiliations: RAND Corporation and Pardee RAND Graduate School, Santa Monica, California (Mr Hackbarth). Dr Berwick is the former president and CEO of the Institute for Healthcare Improvement and former Administrator of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services.

JAMA. 2012;307(14):1513-1516. doi:10.1001/jama.2012.362

The need is urgent to bring US health care costs into a sustainable range for both public and private payers. Commonly, programs to contain costs use cuts, such as reductions in payment levels, benefit structures, and eligibility. A less harmful strategy would reduce waste, not value-added care. The opportunity is immense. In just 6 categories of waste—overtreatment, failures of care coordination, failures in execution of care processes, administrative complexity, pricing failures, and fraud and abuse—the sum of the lowest available estimates exceeds 20% of total health care expenditures. The actual total may be far greater. The savings potentially achievable from systematic, comprehensive, and cooperative pursuit of even a fractional reduction in waste are far higher than from more direct and blunter cuts in care and coverage. The potential economic dislocations, however, are severe and require mitigation through careful transition strategies.

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