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Immigration and the Public Health Law
Immigrants came en masse to Turkey from the Balkans and from the Caucasus at the close of the Turkish-Russian war in 1878 and at the close of the Balkan war in 1912; after the recent armistice, about 10,000 White Russians fleeing before the Red Army poured into Istanbul. The statistical yearbook (volume 3, 1930) shows that the number of immigrants admitted during the last decade comprised 242,001 men and 235,957 women, a grand total of 477,958. The greatest influx occurred during the three years following the Lausanne treaty, according to which the Greek population of Turkey and the Turkish population of Greece and Macedonia were to be exchanged. Small groups of immigrants arriving during recent years have come mostly from Yugoslavia, Rumania and Bulgaria. While before the World War the number of emigrants was almost negligible, the number of postwar emigrants has been estimated
TURKEY. JAMA. 1932;98(3):246. doi:10.1001/jama.1932.02730290062022
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