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August 18, 1956


JAMA. 1956;161(16):1569. doi:10.1001/jama.1956.02970160049013

For many years there has been an increasing tendency for mothers in the United States not to try to nurse their babies or to make a halfhearted attempt and give up within a few weeks. Pray and his coworkers1 state that in a series of 3,700 infants only 34% were breast fed for over two months. Oberman and Burke2 put the proportion even lower, especially in the northeastern states. The formulation of artificial feeding has been so perfected in recent years that Holt3 says that there is no longer any nutritional advantage to prescribing human milk but that certain advantages to breast feeding remain. One of the chief of these lies in its freedom from bacterial contamination. It has the further advantages that it is economical and requires no elaborate preparation, improves the parent-child relationship, and is less likely to be associated with infant eczema and other