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April 18, 1936

Behavior Development in Infants: A Survey of the Literature on Prenatal and Postnatal Activity, 1920-1934

JAMA. 1936;106(16):1416. doi:10.1001/jama.1936.02770160074037

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Behavior is defined for the purpose of this summary as "the neuromuscular and glandular reactions of living human organisms." Unfortunately the social and emotional development has not been included because "there is as yet no satisfactory theory of the process underlying strictly objective neuromuscular behavior patterns." But not all human responses emerge from drives, gestalt or mental factors. The purpose of the survey was to select salient results for correlation with the research program of the Child Development Clinic at the Neurologic Institute. Studies of child development are essentially descriptive in terms of age levels. This summary is of necessity under the group headings of fetal, neonatal and infant behavior.

The progressive development of the various growth patterns is evaluated from conception. Evidence abounds that the reactions of premature infants are not different from infants born at term. But behaviorists credit the environment with initiating behavior. Their contention is that

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