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July 25, 1936

Sammlung psychiatrischer und neurologischer Einzeldarstellungen

JAMA. 1936;107(4):306. doi:10.1001/jama.1936.02770300060030

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This monograph deals with dreamlike experiences that occur in an altered state of consciousness, but in the waking state, and also with prophetic dreams or dreams of second sight. For the former, common usage would permit the term "day dream," but the author specifically objects to this term as the dreamlike experiences dealt with are independent of time of day or night and must be distinguished from dreams by the fact that actually the subject is in the waking state despite changes in consciousness, in muscular tension and in reduction of responsiveness to sensory stimuli approaching that found during sleep. The author describes various states of abstraction or preoccupation, such as the hypnotic trance, fascination and ecstatic states, and distinguishes these from the day dream or waking dream. The waking dream is to be distinguished from the dream of the sleeping state, among other considerations, by the fact that the

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