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September 24, 1955


JAMA. 1955;159(4):378-379. doi:10.1001/jama.1955.02960210144013

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In this issue (page 382) there are several announcements made regarding future policy relative to approval of residency training in four specialties. In all of these announcements, the same principle is applicable; i. e., hospitals, to qualify for continued approval, are required to provide "full training" in the specialty, either independently or in collaboration with other hospitals through integration of their programs. In considering this development, the history of the residency approval program, particularly during the past 10 years, is pertinent. Prior to 1945, there were about 5,000 residency positions available in approved hospitals throughout the country. This figure included appointments at all levels —first, second, and third year positions. In the immediate postwar period there was a tremendous demand for residency training, particularly from medical officers being released from military service. Hospitals that had been conducting residency training expanded their programs to take in additional residents, and many hospitals

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