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February 24, 1945

MEDICINE AND THE WAR

JAMA. 1945;127(8):463-467. doi:10.1001/jama.1945.02860080035014

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Abstract

ARMY 

ARMY RECONDITIONING BASED ON INDIVIDUAL NEEDS  More than 100,000 sick and wounded are now participating in the Army's reconditioning program, in which emphasis is focused on the individual soldier's own interests, his likes or dislikes, talents and background. Mass regimentation is out. Col. Augustus Thorndike is in charge of the reconditioning Division of the Office of the Surgeon General, which was created in July 1943. It is his belief that reconditioning is a new technic in modern military medicine.The reconditioning program is divided into three broadgeneral phases: physical reconditioning, educational reconditioning and occupational therapy. The physical reconditioning phase embraces a scientifically planned schedule of activities, including remedial exercises, bed calisthenics, sports and games, gymnastics, combatives, guerrilla exercises, marching and running. All are designed to retard bodily deterioration during the early stages of convalescence and later to restore the strength, endurance and coordination which go into the

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