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November 4, 1939

Medical Opinions on War

JAMA. 1939;113(19):1759. doi:10.1001/jama.1939.02800440063030

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This pamphlet, published on behalf of the Netherlands Medical Association, is a compilation.of brief statements by fifteen physicians representing England, Germany, the United States, the Netherlands and Sweden, together with a letter to the statesmen signed by 340 leading psychiatrists from twenty nations, representing Europe, Asia and North and South America. It sets forth the conviction of the psychiatrists that war is a psychologic problem and that the solution must be along psychologic and psychiatric lines. The titles include such significant ones as war and human nature; the war problem—a psychologic approach; psychology and peace; imagination and war prophylaxis; biologic considerations in the prevention of war; women and war (by a woman physician); war and mass psychology; war and nervous diseases; personalities and war; convulsions of mankind, and back to the land. A common thesis runs through all these statements, to wit: war is not a necessary expression of human

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