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November 25, 1939

A Visual Motor Gestalt Test and Its Clinical Use

JAMA. 1939;113(22):1986-1987. doi:10.1001/jama.1939.02800470062029

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This monograph brings together and expands Dr. Bender's previous publications on visual motor gestalt function. The author assumes a familiarity with the classic teachings of gestalt psychology, which are not reviewed in the book. She defines the gestalt function as "that function of the integrated organism whereby it responds to a given constellation of stimuli as a whole; the response itself being a constellation, or pattern, or gestalt." The material offered is based on studies of psychiatric patients, of normal adults and children by use of a series of patterns first devised by Max Wertheimer. Bender has selected nine of Wertheimer's original patterns and has studied the variations in capacity to copy these patterns dependent on differing levels of maturation or growth in the visual gestalt function and in organically or functionally determined pathologic states.

The first part of the book is devoted to theoretical considerations. In the second chapter

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